AHA Heart News

Heart NewsAmerican Heart Association, American Stroke Association, American Medical Association and the Ad Council launch new PSAs encouraging viewers with high blood pressure to work with their doctor on treatment plan American Heart Association Meeting Report Presentation 372 – Session: HY.AOS.733Tuesday News Tip Presentation 798 Session: EP.RFO.42Tuesday News Tip Presentation Poster T2090 – Session: EP.APS.12 American Heart Association Meeting Report Poster Presentation T2039 - Session: CM.APS.06Tuesday News Tip Poster Presentation T1051 – Session: AT.APS.28 Tuesday News Tip Poster Presentation T2062 – Session: EP.APS.09 American Heart Association Meeting Report Poster Presentation T3165 - Session: HF.APS.32 Tuesday News Tip Presentation 331 – Session: WS.HB.830Monday News Tip Poster Presentation M3196 – Session: EA.APS.18 American Heart Association Meeting Report Presentation 293 – Session: QU.AOS.721 and Poster Presentation T5082 – Session: SA.APS.09American Heart Association Meeting Report Poster Presentation M2081 - Session: LB.APS.10 American Heart Association Meeting Report Poster Presentation M2040 – Session: LB.APS.07American Heart Association Meeting Report Poster Presentation M3127 – Session: EA.APS.10Monday News Tip Poster Presentation M2043 – Session: LB.APS.07Sunday News Tip Poster S2099 – Session: LB.APS.05American Heart Association Meeting Report Poster Presentation S5169 – Session VA.APS.07Sunday News Tip Presentation 137 – Session: LB.AOS.646N American Heart Association Meeting Report Poster Presentation S2003 – Session: EP.APS.01Sunday News Tip Poster Presentation S2086 – Session: LB.APS.03
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New York, NY, November 16, 2017: Today the American Heart Association (AHA), American Stroke Association (ASA), and the American Medical Association (AMA) announced a new public service awareness (PSA) campaign in partnership with the Ad Council. The campaign seeks to raise awareness of the serious, life-altering consequences of uncontrolled high blood pressure, and motivate people to work with their doctor on developing and committing to a treatment plan to manage their blood pressure. Launched on the heels of a new guideline that means more people will have high blood pressure, the new campaign features actual stroke and heart attack survivors to show viewers the devastating consequences of uncontrolled high blood pressure—underscoring the urgency of controlling the condition.

An estimated 103 million American adults now have high blood pressure, but only about half have their condition under control. While most people know what their blood pressure numbers are, many don’t feel an urgency to manage them because there are often no signs or symptoms associated with high blood pressure—which is why it’s often referred to as the “silent killer.” If left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to potentially fatal consequences like heart attack and stroke. Although there is no cure for high blood pressure, it can be managed effectively by working with a doctor to create a treatment plan, which includes healthy lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, exercising, consuming less salt, drinking alcohol in moderation, losing weight if overweight, and taking medication if needed.

Based on the latest available science, the 2017 Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults now considers a person to have hypertension when they have persistently elevated blood pressures at or above 130 systolic or 80 diastolic. While this now means that nearly half of all American adults have high blood pressure, treatment still begins with lifestyle changes. Both the new guideline and PSA campaign encourage people to adopt healthy behaviors and prevent problems by gaining awareness of their blood pressure and taking earlier action to control it.

“Of all the things we can do right now to reduce heart disease, strokes, and other debilitating disease, controlling blood pressure is one thing that has tremendous potential to save lives and improve well-being,” said Eduardo Sanchez, M.D., M.P.H., FAAFP, who is the American Heart Association’s Chief Medical Officer for Prevention. “Physicians and patients, together, need a clear and workable plan to keep blood pressure controlled. We want to help make that happen.”

The new “HBP Numbers” campaign links blood pressure numbers to the real effects of high blood pressure by helping viewers visualize the consequences from people who have suffered a heart attack or stroke. The PSAs, developed pro bono by Havas Adrenaline and filmed by renowned photographer and director Marco Grob, provide a hopeful and empowering message that anyone with high blood pressure can lower their risk of heart attack or stroke by talking to their doctor and finding a treatment plan that works for them.

“The real-life patients featured in this campaign have experienced first-hand the devastating and lasting effects of not having their high blood pressure under control. They are bravely sharing their stories and letting people see the real, negative health consequences of high blood pressure to help us awaken people who have high blood pressure and aren’t doing anything to manage it, before it’s too late,” said AMA President David O. Barbe, M.D. “Our goal is to reach more Americans living with uncontrolled high blood pressure to help them realize that working with their doctor to create an individualized treatment plan is the most effective way to help them maintain a lower blood pressure, reduce their risk for serious health consequences and ultimately save their life.”

Research suggests that adults with high blood pressure don’t always realize that their treatment plan can be modified to fit their lives, and they face several barriers to sticking to a plan--time, willpower and consistency with medication are the most frequently mentioned challenges. It has also been shown that awareness of the serious consequences of uncontrolled high blood pressure motivates people to take action to manage their condition. With this in mind, the campaign empowers patients to talk to a doctor and address this important issue together.

The campaign encourages viewers to visit LowerYourHBP.org and BajeSuPresion.org to find resources in English and Spanish that will help them understand their numbers, commit to a plan in partnership with their doctor and learn to manage their blood pressure. The digital experience also includes stories of people who experienced a heart attack or stroke because of high blood pressure.

“The stark imagery of the creative reframes high blood pressure numbers from something abstract and intangible to something visceral and important,” said Ad Council President & CEO Lisa Sherman. “But the work is also incredibly motivating because it reminds people that they have the support they need to prevent the devastating side effects of high blood pressure.”

“The honest power of these different personalities, the openness in which they revealed their physical and psychological scars will make people who write-off high blood pressure as just a number, immediately re-think the issue. Hopefully a lot of people’s lives will change or even be saved because of this effort. And that’s a tremendous reward for all of us involved,” said Havas Adrenaline Chief Creative Officer Rich Russo.

The American Heart Association, American Stroke Association, and American Medical Association are also working with their local offices, affiliates and partners to promote and activate the campaign in their communities, with evidence-based materials to aid physicians and other health care providers in the plan-building process.

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American Heart Association

The American Heart Association, the world’s leading voluntary health organization devoted to fighting cardiovascular disease, is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke –  the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies, and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

American Medical Association

The American Medical Association is the premier national organization providing timely, essential resources to empower physicians, residents and medical students to succeed at every phase of their medical lives. Physicians have entrusted the AMA to advance the art and science of medicine and the betterment of public health on behalf of patients for more than 170 years. For more information, visit ama-assn.org.

Ad Council

The Ad Council brings together the most creative minds in advertising and media to address the most worthy causes. Its innovative, pro bono social good campaigns raise awareness. They inspire action. They save lives. To learn more, visit Adcouncil.org, follow the Ad Council’s communities on Facebook and Twitter, and view the creative on YouTube.

Media Contacts:

Ad Council

Shareeza Bhola

sbhola@adcouncil.org

(212) 984-1910

American Heart Association

Maggie Francis

maggie.francis@heart.org

(214) 706-1382

American Medical Association

Kelly Jakubek

Kelly.Jakubek@ama-assn.org

(312) 464-4443

Havas

Carly Wengrover

carly.wengrover@havas.com

(212) 886- 2736

]]>Program NewsHeart NewsThu, 16 Nov 2017 11:10:04 GMTNew York, NY, November 16, 2017: Today the American Heart Association (AHA), American Stroke Association (ASA), and the American Medical Association (AMA) announced a new public service awareness (PSA) campaign in partnership with the Ad Council. The...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/using-real-patient-stories-new-psa-campaign-urges-americans-to-bring-high-blood-pressure-under-controlThu, 16 Nov 2017 11:10:00 GMT
Study Highlight:

  • Intensive treatment of gum disease, or periodontitis, was associated with a significant decrease in blood pressure among patients at risk for developing high blood pressure in this Chinese study.

Embargoed until 3 p.m. PT/ 6 p.m. ET, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017

This news release contains updated study information not reflected in the abstract.

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017 — Treatment for gum disease, or periodontitis, significantly lowered blood pressure among Chinese patients at risk for developing high blood pressure, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

This small study compared blood pressure levels after standard and intensive treatment for gum disease. The standard treatment included basic oral hygiene instructions and teeth cleaning with plaque removal above the gum line. The intensive treatment included the standard treatment along with cleaning down to the roots with local anesthesia, antibiotic treatment and dental extractions, if necessary.

Researchers found:

  • One month after treatment, systolic blood pressure was nearly 3 points lower in participants receiving intensive treatment, but no significant difference was observed in diastolic blood pressure.
  • Three months after treatment, systolic blood pressure was nearly 8 points lower and diastolic pressure was nearly 4 points lower in patients receiving intensive treatment.
  • Six months after treatment, systolic blood pressure was nearly 13 points and diastolic blood pressure was almost 10 points lower in patients receiving intensive treatment.

“The present study demonstrates for the first time that intensive periodontal intervention alone can reduce blood pressure levels, inhibit inflammation and improve endothelial function,” said study lead author Jun Tao, M.D., Ph.D., chief of the department of Hypertension and Vascular Disease and director of the Institute of Geriatrics Research at The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou, China.

Study participants included 107 Chinese women and men age 18 years and over with prehypertension and moderate to severe gum disease. Through random assignment, half of the participants received standard treatment and half received intensive treatment for gum disease.

Researchers noted additional research with patients from diverse backgrounds is needed.

In the United States, high blood pressure affects 29.1 percent of adults aged 18 and over in 2011 – 2012. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart and blood vessel disease. Fortunately, most people can manage the disease through diet and lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, being physically active, limiting alcohol and taking prescribed medications properly.

Co-authors are Jun-Ying Yang, M.D.; Qian-Bing Zhou, M.D.; Wen-Hao Xia, M.D., Ph.D.; Jing Ren, M.D.; Chen Su, M.D., Ph.D., and Xiao-Yu Zhang, M.D., Ph.D. Author disclosures are on the abstract.

The National Science and Technology Pillar Program funded the study.

Note: Scientific presentation is 4:45 p.m. PT, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017.

Presentation location: 209AB (Main Building)

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

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About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004.

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsTue, 14 Nov 2017 23:00:04 GMTStudy Highlight: Intensive treatment of gum disease, or periodontitis, was associated with a significant decrease in blood pressure among patients at risk for developing high blood pressure in this Chinese study. https://newsroom.heart.org/news/treating-gum-disease-may-help-lower-blood-pressureTue, 14 Nov 2017 23:00:00 GMT
Embargoed until 2:20 p.m. PT/5:20 p.m. ET, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017 — Older women who don’t get enough sleep were more likely to have poor cardiovascular health, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

In the new study, researchers considered sleeping at least two hours more during the weekend than on the weekday as a sign of being in sleep debt. Among the roughly 21,500 female health professionals between ages of 60 and 84 the research team followed, women who were in sleep debt were more likely to be obese and have hypertension. When taking into account socioeconomic status and sources of stress, such as negative life events and work-related stress that could also influence cardiovascular health, quality of sleep was still an important factor for good overall cardiovascular health. The results suggest that not getting enough sleep during the week might throw the body off and may increase risk of cardiovascular disease in older women.

Tomas Cabeza De Baca, Ph.D., University of California, San Francisco

Presentation location: Population Forum, Science & Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004.

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsTue, 14 Nov 2017 22:20:04 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017 — Older women who don’t get enough sleep were more likely to have poor cardiovascular health, according to preliminary research presented at the...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/sleep-deprivation-may-increase-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-older-womenTue, 14 Nov 2017 22:20:00 GMT
Embargoed until 1:30 p.m. PT/ 4:30 p.m. ET, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017 — Electronic cigarettes are more frequently used by people who recently quit smoking and alcohol drinkers, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Researchers examined data from 5,423 individuals with recorded tobacco use in the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). A total of 116 (2.6 percent) of NHANES participants were found to use e-cigarettes.

They found electronic cigarettes were used by 8 percent of people who never smoked. When compared to individuals who never used any tobacco products, e-cigarette users were:

  • 6.32 times as likely to be exposed to second-hand tobacco smoke.
  • 4.19 times as likely to report drinking alcohol 12 times or more in the last 12 months.
  • Less likely to be college graduates, illicit drug users and people with an income of at least $75,000.

Compared to other tobacco users, e-cigarette users were more likely to be current or former smokers. Former smokers were 23 times likely to use e-cigarette, within the last three months of quitting cigarettes.

With an observed trend, the longer the time duration since quitting cigarettes, the lower the difference was between e-cigarette users and other tobacco users. However, the difference remained large and significant for all time intervals, researchers said.

The American Heart Association cautions against the use of e-cigarettes, stating that e-cigarettes containing nicotine are tobacco products that should be subject to all laws that apply to these products. The association also calls for strong new regulations to prevent access, sales and marketing of e-cigarettes to youth, and for more research into the product’s health impact.

Authors are Rana M. Jaber, Ph.D.; Mohammadhassan Mirbolouk, MD.; Andrew P. DeFilippis, Ph.D.; Wasim Maziak, MD.; Ron Blankstein, Ph.D.; Anshul Saxena, Ph.D. and Thomas Payne, Ph.D., Rachel Keith, Ph.D., Benjamin Emelia, MD., Bhatnagar Aruni, Ph.D., Michael J. Blaha, MD., Khurram Nasir, MD.

American Heart Association Tobacco Regulation and Addiction Center (A-TRAC) funded the study.

Rana M. Jaber, Ph.D., Baptist Health South Florida, Coral Gables.

Note: Scientific presentation is 1:30 p.m. PT, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017.

Presentation location: Population Science Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004.

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsTue, 14 Nov 2017 21:30:05 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017 — Electronic cigarettes are more frequently used by people who recently quit smoking and alcohol drinkers, according to preliminary research presented...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/e-cigarettes-are-more-likely-to-be-used-by-alcohol-drinkers-and-former-cigarette-smokersTue, 14 Nov 2017 21:30:00 GMT
Study Highlights:

  • Women who reported one or more traumatic lifetime events, such as death of a child, had increased odds of obesity.
  • Women who reported four or more negative events in the last five years, such as unemployed though wanting work, had increased odds of obesity.

Embargoed until 12 p.m. PT /3 p.m. ET, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov.14, 2017 — Women who experienced one or more traumatic lifetime events or several negative events in recent years had higher odds of being obese than women who didn’t report such stress, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

“Little is known about how negative and traumatic life events affect obesity in women. We know that stress affects behavior, including whether people under- or overeat, as well as neuro-hormonal activity by in part increasing cortisol production, which is related to weight gain,” said study senior author Michelle A. Albert, M.D., M.P.H., professor of medicine, cardiology, and founding director of the Center for the Study of Adversity and Cardiovascular Disease, at University of California, San Francisco.

Obesity, a preventable risk factor for cardiovascular and other diseases, impacts more than one-third of U.S. adults. According to the American Heart Association, nearly 70 percent of American adults are either overweight or obese.  Women tend to live longer than men, putting especially obese, aging women at greater risk for disease, said study author Eva M. Durazo, Ph.D., a post-doctoral scholar at the NURTURE Center, Division of Cardiology, UCSF said.

The researchers studied the relationship between major life events and obesity in a group of 21,904 middle-aged and older women, focusing on women with the highest obesity prevalence. They defined obesity as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or higher. And, they measured the impacts of two types of stress: traumatic events, which could occur anytime in a woman’s life and includes such things as death of a child or being a victim of a serious physical attack, as well as negative life events that had occurred in the previous five years of a woman’s life. Negative events included wanting employment but being unemployed for longer than three months or being burglarized.

They found:

  • Nearly a quarter (23 percent) of the women studied were obese.
  • Women who reported greater than one traumatic life event versus no traumatic life events had 11 percent increased odds of obesity.
  • The higher the number of negative life events reported by women in the last five years, the higher the tendency for increased odds of obesity. Specifically, women who reported four or more negative life events had a 36 percent higher risk of obesity, compared to women who reported no such events.
  • Among women who had higher levels of physical activity, there was a stronger association between increasing cumulative/chronic stress and obesity, though the reason for this finding remains uncertain.

“Our findings suggest that psychological stress in the form of negative and traumatic life events might represent an important risk factor for weight changes and, therefore, we should consider including assessment and treatment of psychosocial stress in approaches to weight management,” Albert said.

Because the study looks at the association between stressful events and obesity in a snapshot of time, future studies should look at the relationship longitudinally, following people for weight gain over time after life events have occurred, according to Albert.

“This is important work because women are living longer and are more at risk for chronic illnesses, such as cardiovascular disease. The potential public health impact is large, as obesity is related to increased risks of heart attack, stroke, diabetes and cancer, and contributes to spiraling healthcare costs,” Albert said.

Co-authors are Fumika Matsushita, M.P.H.; Alan M. Zaslavsky, Ph.D.; Tiffany Powell-Wiley, M.D., M.P.H.; Natalie Slopen, Sc.D. and Julie E. Buring, Sc.D. Author disclosures are on the abstract.

The National Institute on Aging, National Cancer Institute and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute funded the study.

Presentation location: Population Science Section, Science & Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsTue, 14 Nov 2017 20:00:07 GMTStudy Highlights: Women who reported one or more traumatic lifetime events, such as death of a child, had increased odds of obesity. Women who reported four or more negative events in the last five years, such as unemployed though wanting work, had...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/stressful-events-can-increase-womens-odds-of-obesityTue, 14 Nov 2017 20:00:00 GMT
Embargoed until 12 p.m. PT/ 3 p.m. ET, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017

This news tip contains updated study information not reflected in the abstract.

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017 — Heat-not-burn devices may eliminate users’ exposure to tobacco smoke, but the vapor they produce has the same negative impact on blood vessel function as smoking, according to a preliminary animal study presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Heat-not-burn products are not new, but have been recently updated and test marketed in several countries outside the United States with greater success. Despite tobacco industry claims of heat-not-burn products being less harmful than regular cigarettes, the health effects of the devices are still unproven, according to researchers.

Heat-not-burn devices raise the temperature of tobacco enough to release nicotine-containing vapor but not enough to burn, avoiding smoke exposure. To test the devices’ ability to reduce harm, researchers assessed whether exposure to the vapor affects the ability of rats’ blood vessels to widen when there is increased blood flow – a measure of blood vessel health that is impaired with exposure to smoke from cigarettes, small cigars and marijuana.

Researchers found:

  • After ten 15-second exposures over five minutes to the vapor from iQOS, a heat-not-burn device that has been test-marketed in several countries, blood vessel function decreased by 58 percent.
  • Similarly, after ten 5-second exposures over five minutes to iQOS vapor, blood vessel function decreased by a similar amount, 60 percent.
  • The reduction was comparable to that induced by cigarette smoke (57 percent for the 15-second exposures, 62 percent for the 5-second exposures).
  • Exposure to clean air had no impact on blood vessel dilation.
  • The amount of nicotine in the rats’ blood after exposure to cigarette smoke was similar to the amount in blood after humans have smoked one cigarette, confirming that the exposure conditions were relevant to the real world. However, the amount of nicotine in the blood after exposure to iQOS vapor was substantially higher (70.3 nanogram/milliliter for iQOS, 15.0 nanogram/milliliter for cigarettes).

Using heat-not-burn products may not avoid the adverse cardiovascular effects of smoking cigarettes.

The research was conducted by Pooneh Nabavizadeh, M.D. in a group led by Matthew L. Springer, Ph.D. Other contributors were Jiangtao Liu, M.D., Sharina Ibrahim, B.Sc. and Ronak Derakhshandeh, M.S.

The study was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute at the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Tobacco Products. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH or the FDA.

Matthew L. Springer, Ph.D., UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco, California.

Presentation Location: Basic Science Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsTue, 14 Nov 2017 20:00:04 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017 — Heat-not-burn devices may eliminate users’ exposure to tobacco smoke,...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/heat-not-burn-tobacco-products-may-be-not-so-hot-at-protecting-blood-vessel-functionTue, 14 Nov 2017 20:00:00 GMT
Study Highlights:

  • Heart failure associated with methamphetamine use is on the rise among U.S. veterans.
  • In this study, meth users with heart failure, who were an average age of 61, were notably younger than heart failure patients, whose average age was 72 years.
  • The combination of heart failure and methamphetamine use results in more emergency department visits than for heart failure without methamphetamine use.

Embargoed until 10:30 a.m. PT/1:30 p.m. ET, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017

Please note researcher updated results information in release on 11/8/2017.

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017 — Heart failure associated with methamphetamine (meth) use has risen dramatically in recent years among U.S. veterans, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Meth abuse is a serious problem in America, with more than 4.7 percent of the population reporting that they’ve tried the highly addictive stimulant drug at least once.

“Methamphetamine (or meth) is one of the most commonly used drugs in the United States, and its use is on the rise. In addition to other health problems associated with the drug, clinicians are seeing more heart failure with meth use, suggesting heart failure due to methamphetamine use could be a new epidemic,” said study author Marin Nishimura, M.D., internal medicine resident, University of California, San Diego.

Nishimura and colleagues studied 9,588 Veterans Administration (VA) patients at the San Diego VA Medical Center diagnosed with heart failure from 2005 and 2015. Among those, 480 were documented to have a history of meth abuse. They found:

  • The proportion of meth use rose from 1.7 percent among VA heart failure patients in 2005 to 8 percent in 2015.
  • Heart failure patients with and without meth use had notable similarities and differences. Among the similarities, was the level of heart function, known as ejection fraction, between the two groups. Among the differences: Meth users were less likely to have atrial fibrillation (a quivering or irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia that can lead to blood clots, stroke, heart failure and other heart-related complications) than non-meth users, and meth users were less likely to have significant coronary artery disease than non-meth users.
  • Meth users with heart failure, who were average age 61, were notably younger than heart failure patients, whose average age was 72 years.
  • Meth users were more likely to have psychiatric issues, such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD.
  • Meth patients tended to visit the emergency department more often compared to heart failure patients without meth use.

“The finding that meth users are more likely to be affected by psychiatric illnesses and tended to require more emergency department visits has important implications because they impact the cost of healthcare and healthcare utilization,” Nishimura said. Addressing the increased healthcare needs of meth users with heart failure could mean establishing better relationships with primary care doctors who can check on whether these patients’ health is stable to avoid emergency care and hospitalization, according to Nishimura.

More research into the association of meth use and heart failure is needed, according to the researcher. “Our finding is based on a single center and only is based on the very specific population of the veterans in San Diego, so this should be looked at in other populations,” she said.

Co-authors are Janet Ma, M.D.; Isac C Thomas, M.D.; Sutton Fox, M.P.H.; Avinash Toomu; Sean Mojaver; Derek Juang, M.D. and Alan Maisel, M.D. Author disclosures are on the abstract.  There was no funding for this study.

Presentation location: Clinical Section, Science & Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004.

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsTue, 14 Nov 2017 18:30:07 GMTStudy Highlights: Heart failure associated with methamphetamine use is on the rise among U.S. veterans. In this study, meth users with heart failure, who were an average age of 61, were notably younger than heart failure patients, whose average age...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/heart-failure-in-methamphetamine-users-could-this-be-the-next-epidemic-among-vetsTue, 14 Nov 2017 18:30:00 GMT
Embargoed until 10:30 a.m. PT/ 1:30 p.m. ET, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017

This news tip contains updated study information not reflected in the abstract.

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017Smoking among the working population is predicted to cost Australia an estimated $340 billion in lost productivity, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

The health costs of smoking are well-known, but the impact on productivity is not. Currently, 1.9 million Australians (13.9 percent) between 20 and 69 years of age are smokers.

Researchers used published data on the rate of deaths, absenteeism, and working while sick among smokers to estimate how much productivity would be lost to smoking in the working-age population until age 69. They found that:

  • Australia’s currently smoking workforce would lose an estimated 2.9 million years of life and 2.7 million years of productive years lost, equating to an estimated $340 billion in U.S. dollars – not including healthcare expenditures.
  • This represents a 6 percent loss in productive years and a 4 percent loss in years of life compared to a non-smoking workforce.

These results highlight the importance of smoking prevention, the researchers said.

Monash University funded the study.

Salsabil Bilqis Maulida, Medical Student, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia Danny Liew, Ph.D., Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Presentation Location: Population Science Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsTue, 14 Nov 2017 18:30:05 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov. 14, 2017 — Smoking among the working population is predicted to cost...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/australian-workers-who-smoke-hit-national-pocketbookTue, 14 Nov 2017 18:30:00 GMT
Embargoed until 9:45 a.m. PT/12:45 p.m. ET, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov.14, 2017 — Women who develop high blood pressure  during pregnancy are more likely to experience heart problems within a few years of giving birth, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Researchers from University of California San Francisco followed the time to hospitalization from heart failure (a condition when the heart can’t pump well) and heart attack for nearly 1.6 million women in California. Women who experienced any form of pregnancy-related hypertension — gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, chronic hypertension and chronic hypertension combined with preeclampsia — were more frequently hospitalized for heart failure than women who did not experience high blood pressure during pregnancy. However, the likelihood of heart failure hospitalization depended on the patient’s racial background: Black women had the lowest likelihood of heart failure hospitalization while Asian/Pacific Islander women had the highest. White and Hispanic/Latina women fell between the two groups.

Women who experienced gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and chronic hypertension were also more likely to be hospitalized for a heart attack, but unlike with heart failure, the likelihood of hospitalization for heart attack was not influenced by racial background. The analysis demonstrates that racial background influences risk of heart failure hospitalization but not hospitalization for heart attack in women with pregnancy-related hypertension.

Leila Y. Beach, M.D., University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine.

Note: Scientific presentation is 9:45 a.m. PT, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017.

Presentation location:  208AB (Main Building)

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004.

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsTue, 14 Nov 2017 17:46:04 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov.14, 2017 — Women who develop high blood pressure  during pregnancy are more likely to experience heart problems within a few years of giving birth, according...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/pregnant-asian-women-who-develop-high-blood-pressure-at-highest-risk-for-heart-failure-hospitalizationsTue, 14 Nov 2017 17:45:00 GMT
Study Highlights:

  • Among Americans 18 to 64 years old, 15 percent of all heart attack and stroke patients and 9 percent of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery were uninsured before passage of the Affordable Care Act.
  • For those who were uninsured, hospitalization expenses were catastrophic for 85 percent of heart attack patients, 75 percent of stroke patients and 80 percent of CABG patients.

Embargoed until 3 p.m. PT/6 p.m. ET, Monday, Nov. 13, 2017

This news release is featured in an 8 a.m. PT embargoed briefing on Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017.

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 13, 2017 — The majority of patients without health insurance who were hospitalized for heart attack, stroke or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery experienced catastrophic healthcare expenses before passage of the Affordable Care Act, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Using data from the National Inpatient Sample, the largest publicly available all-payer inpatient healthcare database in the United States, research reported in presentation 293 found that 15 percent of all heart attack and stroke patients were uninsured during the study period 2008-2012. Using the same data set, research reported in poster presentation T5082 found that 9 percent of patients who underwent CABG were uninsured during the study period 2008-2012. The researchers, who collaborated on the studies, found that among this group of uninsured people, hospital bills exceeded the threshold for a catastrophic health expenses for: 

  • 85 percent of heart attack patients;
  • 75 percent of stroke patients; and
  • 83 percent of CABG patients.

During the years of the study, the median hospitalization charges for heart attacks were $53,384; strokes were $31,218. The cost for coronary artery bypass surgeries ranged from $85,891-$177,546.

Catastrophic health expenditures were defined as hospitalization expenses that exceeded 40 percent of annual income after eliminating the cost of food. For many these medical costs make it difficult to pay for housing, transportation and other essential expenses. Annual patient income was determined using data from the U.S. Census and food costs were estimated from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

“Medical bankruptcy is the leading cause of bankruptcy in the United States,” said Rohan Khera, M.D., first author of the study that examined hospitalization expenses of heart attack and stroke patients and a cardiology fellow at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. “Until there is universal insurance coverage, a catastrophic health experience is very likely to turn into a catastrophic financial experience as well.”

Heart attacks, strokes, and CABG — a surgery that reroutes blood around clogged coronary arteries and improves the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle— are major, unanticipated healthcare events that require immediate and often costly treatment. The financial burden of heart disease treatment is well documented for patients with health insurance, but little is known about the financial implications for uninsured patients who need care.

“Catastrophic health expenses are an important factor for physicians to consider, and should be thought of as an adverse effect when hospitalization is required for uninsured patients in the United States,” said Jonathan C. Hong, M.D., first author of the study that analyzed hospitalization expenses for CABG and a cardiac surgery resident at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada.

“The majority of uninsured patients undergoing CABG will experience significant financial hardships that are often unexpected and difficult to plan for,” Hong said. “Health policy that expands insurance coverage can help mitigate the economic burden for this life-saving procedure among this patient population.”

“Although there is still a substantial number of people who are uninsured, the Affordable Care Act increased the number of people who do have insurance. Therefore, the number of people at risk for catastrophic healthcare expenses may have declined. The law also improves the ability to get insurance for people with medical illnesses given its protections for patients with pre-existing conditions,” said Khera

Co-authors of the heart attack and stroke study are Hong, Anshul Saxena, Ph.D., M.P.H., Alejandro Arrieta, Ph.D., Salim S. Virani, Ph.D., Ron Blankstein, M.D., James A. de Lemos, M.D., Harlan M. Krumholz, M.D. and Khurram Nasir, M.D.

Co-authors of the CABG study are Khera, Anshul Saxena, Ph.D., M.P.H., Alejandro Arrieta, Ph.D., Salim S. Virani, Ph.D., Ron Blankstein, M.D., Glenn J.R. Whitman, M.D., Harlan M. Krumholz, M.D., and Khurram Nasir, M.D. Author disclosures are on the abstracts.

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences funded the heart attack and stroke study.

Note: Scientific presentation time for Dr. Khera’s study (293) is at 5:45 p.m. PT, Monday, Nov. 13, 2017 in room 213B (Main Building).  Scientific presentation time for Dr. Hong’s study (T5082) is at 1:30 p.m. PT, Tuesday, Nov. 14, 2017 in the Clinical III Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-16, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: (714) 765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsMon, 13 Nov 2017 23:00:06 GMTStudy Highlights: Among Americans 18 to 64 years old, 15 percent of all heart attack and stroke patients and 9 percent of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery were uninsured before passage of the Affordable Care Act. https://newsroom.heart.org/news/catastrophic-costs-for-hospitalization-expenses-common-among-uninsured-heart-and-stroke-patientsMon, 13 Nov 2017 23:00:00 GMT
Embargoed until 3 p.m. PT/ 6 p.m. ET, Monday, Nov. 13, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 13, 2017 — Sitting in, or standing close to the charging port of a Tesla electric vehicle didn’t trigger a shock or interfere with implantable defibrillator performance, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Researchers examined the potential effect of electromagnetic interference while charging an electric vehicle battery at 220 Volts. The study included 26 men and 8 women from Good Samaritan Hospital in Dayton, Ohio, average age 69, with implanted cardiac defibrillators of various types.

Adjusting the defibrillators to both their least and most sensitive settings, the devices did not sense the electromagnetic signal from the electric vehicle battery when patients sat in the driver’s seat, passenger seat, backseat or at the charging post (where the electromagnetic interference is at its highest).

These findings suggest that electric vehicles may be safe to use for individuals with cardiac defibrillators, according to the principal investigator, Abdul Wase, M.D. and his team.

Thein Tun Aung, M.D. and Abdul Wase, M.D., Good Samaritan Hospital, Dayton, Ohio.

Presentation Location: Clinical Science Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsMon, 13 Nov 2017 23:00:03 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov. 13, 2017 — Sitting in, or standing close to the charging port of a Tesla electric vehicle didn’t trigger a shock or interfere with implantable defibrillator...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/driving-a-tesla-may-not-trip-your-defibrillatorMon, 13 Nov 2017 23:00:00 GMT
Study Highlight:

  • Eating a mostly plant-based diet was associated with a 42 percent reduced risk of developing heart failure among people without diagnosed heart disease or heart failure.  

Embargoed until 12:45 p.m. PT/3:45 p.m. ET, Monday, Nov. 13, 2017

This news release is featured in an 8 a.m. PT embargoed briefing on Sunday, November 12, 2017 

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 13, 2017 — Eating a mostly plant-based diet was associated with less risk of developing heart failure among people without previously diagnosed heart disease or heart failure, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

The study looked at five different dietary patterns and, according to the author, found that people who ate a plant-based diet most of the time had a 42 percent decreased risk of developing heart failure over the four years of the study, compared to people who ate fewer plant-based foods. Other dietary patterns, described as convenience, sweets, Southern or alcohol/salads style were not associated with a decreased risk for heart failure. Heart failure, a chronic, progressive condition in which the heart muscle is unable to pump enough blood to maintain its workload, affects about 6.5 million adults over age 20 in the United States.

Previous studies have shown that what people eat can play an important role in increasing or decreasing the risk of atherosclerosis, the slow narrowing of the arteries that underlies heart attacks, most strokes and heart failure. This study focuses specifically on whether diet can influence the development of heart failure among people with no diagnosed heart disease.

“Eating a diet mostly of dark green leafy plants, fruits, beans, whole grains and fish, while limiting processed meats, saturated fats, trans fats, refined carbohydrates and foods high in added sugars is a heart-healthy lifestyle and may specifically help prevent heart failure if you don't already have it,” said Kyla Lara, M.D., first author of the study and an internal medicine resident at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, New York.

The researchers used data collected for the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS), a nationwide observational study of risk factors for stroke in adults 45 years or older sponsored by the National Institutes of Health. The participants, who were recruited from 2003 to 2007 and followed through 2013, included 15,569 patients without known coronary artery disease or heart failure. Incidents of heart failure within this group were confirmed by health care providers. Over the nearly 3000 days of follow up, 300 instances of hospitalizations for incident heart failure were reported.

Participants in the REGARDS study reported their diets using a food frequency questionnaire, a standard method for classifying diets that uses statistical modeling to assign a person’s diet to one of five dietary patterns:

  • Convenience (red meats, pastas, fried potatoes, fast foods);
  • Plant-based (dark, leafy vegetables, fruits, beans, fish);
  • Sweets (desserts, breads, sweet breakfast foods, chocolate, candy);
  • Southern (eggs, fried food, organ meats, processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages)
  • Alcohol/Salads (salad dressings, green, leafy vegetables, tomatoes, wine, butter, liquor).

The researchers found that of the five dietary patterns, greater adherence to the plant-based diet had the strongest association with a decreased risk of incident heart failure when adjusted for age, sex and race of the participants and for other risk factors. No associations for the other four dietary patterns were found.

The study was observational, which means it can identify a trend or association, but cannot prove cause and effect.

The American Heart Association recommends a dietary pattern that includes a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, poultry, fish, beans, non-tropical vegetable oils, and nuts; and limits intake of sweets, sugar-sweetened beverages, and red meats.

Co-authors are Emily B. Levitan, Sc.D., Orlando M. Gutierrez, M.D., James M Shikany, Dr. P.H., Monika M. Safford, M.D., Suzanne E. Judd, Ph.D., and Robert S. Rosenson, M.D. Author disclosures are on the abstract.

Note: Scientific presentation is at 12:45 p.m. PT, Monday, November 13, 2017.

Presentation location: Population Science Section, Science and Technology Hall.

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-16, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: (714) 765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsMon, 13 Nov 2017 20:46:03 GMTStudy Highlight: Eating a mostly plant-based diet was associated with a 42 percent reduced risk of developing heart failure among people without diagnosed heart disease or heart failure.   https://newsroom.heart.org/news/plant-based-diet-associated-with-less-heart-failure-riskMon, 13 Nov 2017 20:45:00 GMT
Study Highlights:

  • Drinking coffee may be associated with decreased risk of heart failure and stroke.
  • Machine learning may be an effective way to analyze data to discover new ways to predict the risk of heart failure and stroke.

Embargoed until 10:30 a.m. PT/1:30 p.m. ET, Monday, Nov. 13, 2017  

This news release is featured in an 8 a.m. PT news briefing on Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017.

ANAHEIM, California, November13, 2017 — Drinking coffee may be associated with a decreased risk of developing heart failure or having stroke, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Researchers used machine learning to analyze data from the long-running Framingham Heart Study, which includes information about what people eat and their cardiovascular health. They found that drinking coffee was associated with decreased risk of developing heart failure by 7 percent and stroke by 8 percent with every additional cup of coffee consumed per week compared with non-coffee drinkers. It is important to note that this type of study design demonstrates an observed association, but does not prove cause and effect.

Machine learning, works by finding associations within data, much in the same way that online shopping sites predict products you may like based on your shopping history, and is one type of big data analysis. To ensure the validity of their results and determine direction of risk, the researchers further investigated the machine learning results using traditional analysis in two studies with similar sets of data - the Cardiovascular Heart Study and the Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities Study. The association between drinking coffee and a decreased risk of heart failure and stroke was consistently noted in all three studies.

While many risk factors for heart failure and stroke are well known, the researchers believe it is likely that there are as-yet unidentified risk factors. “Our findings suggest that machine learning could help us identify additional factors to improve existing risk assessment models. The risk assessment tools we currently use for predicting whether someone might develop heart disease, particularly heart failure or stroke, are very good but they are not 100 percent accurate,” said Laura M. Stevens, B.S., first author of the study and a doctoral student at the University of Colorado School of Medicine in Aurora, Colorado and Data Scientist for the Precision Medicine Institute at the American Heart Association in Dallas, Texas..

Another potential risk factor identified by machine-learning analysis was red-meat consumption, although the association between red meat consumption and heart failure or stroke was less clear. Eating red meat was associated with decreased risk of heart failure and stroke in the Framingham Heart Study but validating the finding in comparable studies is more challenging due to differences in the definitions of red meat between studies. Further investigation to better determine how red meat consumption affects risk for heart failure and stroke is ongoing.

The researchers also built a predictive model using known risk factors from the Framingham Risk Score such as blood pressure, age and other patient characteristics associated with cardiovascular disease. “By including coffee in the model, the prediction accuracy increased by 4 percent. Machine learning may a useful addition to the way we look at data and help us find new ways to lower the risk of heart failure and strokes,” said David Kao, M.D., senior author of the study and an assistant professor at the University of Colorado School of Medicine in Aurora, Colorado.

The American Heart Association suggest limiting red meat, which is high in saturated fat, as part of a healthy dietary pattern that should emphasize, fruit, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, poultry and fish.

Co-author is Carsten Görg, Ph.D. Author disclosures are on the abstract.

The American Heart Association and the University of Colorado School of Medicine funded the study.

Presentation location: Population Science Section, Science and Technology Hall.

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-16, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: (714) 765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsMon, 13 Nov 2017 18:30:07 GMTStudy Highlights: Drinking coffee may be associated with decreased risk of heart failure and stroke. Machine learning may be an effective way to analyze data to discover new ways to predict the risk of heart failure and stroke. https://newsroom.heart.org/news/drinking-coffee-may-be-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-heart-failure-and-strokeMon, 13 Nov 2017 18:30:00 GMT
Study Highlights:

  • Children and young adults with diabetes were seven times more likely to die from sudden cardiac death compared to children and young adults without diabetes in a Danish study.
  • This same group was found to be eight times more likely to die from any kind of heart disease compared to children and young adults without diabetes.

Embargoed until 10:30 a.m.PT/1:30 p.m. ET, Monday, November 13, 2017

This news release is featured in an 8 a.m. PT embargoed briefing on Sunday, November 12, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, November 13, 2017 — Children and young adults with diabetes may be seven times more likely to die from sudden cardiac death compared to children and young adults without diabetes, according to preliminary research from Denmark presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.                                                       

Sudden cardiac death is defined as a sudden, unexpected death that occurs instantly or shortly after symptoms appear. It is often caused by malfunctions in the heart's electrical system. The study, which was conducted in Denmark, also found that overall, compared to those without diabetes, children and young adults, ages 1-49, with diabetes were eight times more likely to die from any kind of heart disease, such as heart failure or the chronic narrowing of arteries known as atherosclerosis, compared to children and young adults without diabetes.

Young people with diabetes may be at increased risk for sudden cardiac death because of abnormalities in their blood vessels caused by the disease.

“Although we have become better at helping people manage both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, it is still associated with increased risk of death, especially among young people,” said Jesper Svane, B.M., a research student at Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. 

Cardiovascular diseases are a common complication of diabetes and the leading cause of death among people with diabetes. Previous studies have demonstrated that intensive management of risk factors had significant beneficial effects on cardiovascular-related death in persons with diabetes. Therefore, it is of important to monitor people with diabetes in order to identify those at high risk of cardiovascular death.

The study is one of the first to examine causes of death and cause-specific death rates among children and young adults with diabetes in a nationwide setting.

Svane said that because the Danish study population was 89 percent Caucasian, the findings may not be applicable to other western countries, due to differences in demographics and in the organization of the healthcare systems of Denmark and the United States. Other studies have shown that death patterns, especially regarding sudden cardiac death, are heavily influenced by ethnicity, so the findings cannot directly be extended to other countries with more ethnically diverse populations.

The study population consisted of all persons in Denmark age 1 to 35 in 2000-09 and age 36 to 49 in 2007-09. During the 10-year study period 14,294 deaths occurred, and cause of death was established based on information from death certificates and autopsy reports. The Danish Register of Medicinal Product Statistics, which holds information on all prescriptions dispensed from Danish pharmacies, was used to identify persons with either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Among those who died, 669 (5 percent) had diabetes, of which 471 (70 percent) had Type 1 and 198 (30 percent) had Type 2.

“In light of the results from this study, tight control and effective treatment of blood lipids, blood pressure, and blood glucose is also important among children and young persons with diabetes,” said Svane.

“Our study shows the importance of early and continuous cardiovascular risk monitoring in children and young adults with diabetes,” Svane said. “Healthcare providers need to be aware that even young patients with diabetes have elevated risk of mortality and that this is mainly explained by increased risk of sudden cardiac death.”

Co-authors are Thomas H. Lynge, M.D., Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard, M.D., Thomas Jespersen, Ph.D., D.Med.Sci., Gunnar H. Gislason, M.D., Ph.D., Bjarke Risgaard, M.D., Ph.D., Bo G. Winkel, M.D., Ph.D., and Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, M.D., D.Med.Sci. Author disclosures are on the abstract.

Note: Scientific presentation is at 10:30 a.m. PT, Monday, November 13, 2017.

Presentation Location: Clinical Science Section, Science and Technology Hall.

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-16, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: (714) 765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsMon, 13 Nov 2017 18:30:07 GMTStudy Highlights: Children and young adults with diabetes were seven times more likely to die from sudden cardiac death compared to children and young adults without diabetes in a Danish study. This same group was found to be eight times more likely...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/sudden-cardiac-death-rates-may-be-seven-times-higher-among-young-people-with-diabetesMon, 13 Nov 2017 18:30:00 GMT
Embargoed until 10:30 a.m. PT/ 1:30 p.m. ET, Monday, Nov. 13, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 13, 2017 — People who eat slowly are less likely to become obese or develop metabolic syndrome, a cluster of heart disease, diabetes and stroke risk factors, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Metabolic syndrome occurs when someone has any of three risk factors that include abdominal obesity, high fasting blood sugar, high blood pressure, high triglycerides and/or low HDL cholesterol, said Japanese researchers.

The researchers evaluated 642 men and 441 women, average age 51.2 years, who did not have metabolic syndrome in 2008. They divided the participants into three groups depending on how they described their usual eating speed: slow, normal or fast.

  • After five years, the researchers found:
  • Fast eaters were more likely (11.6 percent) to have developed metabolic syndrome than normal eaters (6.5 percent) or slow eaters (2.3 percent);
  • Faster eating speed was associated with more weight gain, higher blood glucose and larger waistline.

“Eating more slowly may be a crucial lifestyle change to help prevent metabolic syndrome,” said Takayuki Yamaji, M.D., study author and cardiologist at Hiroshima University in Japan. “When people eat fast they tend not to feel full and are more likely to overeat. Eating fast causes bigger glucose fluctuation, which can lead to insulin resistance. We also believe our research would apply to a U.S. population.”

Takayuki Yamaji, M.D., Hiroshima University, Japan.

Presentation Location: Population Science Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsMon, 13 Nov 2017 18:30:04 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov. 13, 2017 — People who eat slowly are less likely to become obese or develop metabolic syndrome, a cluster of heart disease, diabetes and stroke risk factors,...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/gobbling-your-food-may-harm-your-waistline-and-heartMon, 13 Nov 2017 18:30:00 GMT
Study Highlight:

  • Risk of blood clots in the leg veins or lungs was higher in those who reported watching TV “very often” compared with those who reported watching TV “never or seldom.”

Embargoed until 3 p.m. PT/ 6 p.m. ET, Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 12, 2017 — Risk of blood clots increases with the amount of time spent watching television, even if people get the recommended amount of physical activity, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

“Watching TV itself isn’t likely bad, but we tend to snack and sit still for prolonged periods while watching,” said Mary Cushman, M.D., M.Sc., co-author of the study and professor of medicine at the Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont in Burlington.

Prolonged TV viewing has already been associated with heart disease involving blocked arteries, but this is the first study in a western population to look at blood clots in veins of the legs, arms, pelvis and lungs known as venous thromboembolism or VTE.

Among 15,158 middle-aged (45-64 years) participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, researchers found that the risk of developing a venous thromboembolism for the first time was:

  • 1.7 times higher in those who reported they watch TV “very often” compared with those who watch TV “never or seldom”;
  • 1.8 times higher in participants who met recommended guidelines for physical activity and reported watching TV “very often”, compared with those who reported watching TV “never or seldom”;
  • Increased with more TV viewing both for life-threatening clots in the extremities and those in the lungs; and while obesity was more common in people who watched more TV, in the study only about 25 percent of the increased risk could be explained by the presence of obesity.

“Think about how you can make the best use of your time to live a fuller and healthier life. You could put a treadmill or stationary bike in front of your TV and move while watching. Or you can delay watching TV by 30 minutes while you take a walk. If you must see your favorite show, tape it while you are out walking so you can watch it later, skipping the ads,” said Cushman, who is also the director of the Thrombosis and Hemostasis Program at the University of Vermont Medical Center.

Each year, it is estimated that between 300,000 to 600,000 people in the U.S. develop venous thromboembolism, making it the most common vascular diagnosis after a heart attack or stroke. Although venous thromboembolism is more common in people 60 and older, it can occur at any age.

Besides avoiding prolonged TV watching, you can lower your risk of venous thromboembolism by maintaining a healthy weight and staying physically active.

“Health professionals should take the time to ask patients about their fitness and sedentary time, such as prolonged sitting watching TV or at a computer,” Cushman said. “If you are at heightened risk of venous thromboembolism due to a recent operation, pregnancy or recent delivery, cancer or a previous clot, your doctor may prescribe blood-thinning medication or advise you to wear compression stockings.”

Co-authors are Yasuhiko Kubota, M.D.; Neil Zakai, M.D., M.Sc.; Wayne D. Rosamond, Ph.D., M.S. and Aaron R. Folsom, M.D., M.P.H.

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute funded the study.

Note: Scientific presentation is 3:15 PT, Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017

Presentation location: Clinical Science III Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004.

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsSun, 12 Nov 2017 23:00:07 GMTStudy Highlight: Risk for blood clot in the vein was higher in those who reported watching TV “very often” compared with those who reported watching TV “never or seldom.” https://newsroom.heart.org/news/risks-for-blood-clot-in-a-vein-may-rise-with-increased-tv-viewingSun, 12 Nov 2017 23:00:00 GMT
Embargoed until 3 p.m. PT/ 6 p.m. ET, Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 12, 2017 — Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as e-cigarettes, affect heart rhythm and cardiovascular function in mice, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

In addition to nicotine, e-cigarette products usually contain propylene glycol (PG) and/or vegetable glycerin (VG). These substances are commonly used to limit moisture loss in skin lotions or as food additives, but the health effects of heating and inhaling these substances are unknown.

In this study, researchers examined the cardiovascular effects of e-cigarette aerosols relative to traditional cigarettes in mice and found:

  • Exposure to ENDS aerosol or traditional cigarette smoke rapidly slowed the heart rate (bradycardia) in mice.
  • Exposure to aerosol of 50:50 vegetable glycerin and propylene glycol prolonged the heart's electrical cycle.
  • When heated, propylene glycol and/or vegetable glycerin generate aldehydes, acrolein, acetaldehyde, and formaldehyde, of which, only acrolein induced bradycardia in mice.
  • Exposure to acrolein or PG:VG aerosol increased blood pressure in mice before the heart rate began to drop.

Researchers say further studies are needed to explore these effects in humans using ENDS. These findings suggest that exposure to ENDS aerosols may trigger cardiovascular effects and may increase the risks of developing irregular heart rhythm and overall cardiovascular disease.

Authors are Alex P. Carll, Ph.D.; Renata Salatini, Ph.D.; Claudia Arab, Ph.D.; Daniel G. Holbrook, Ph.D., Aruni Bhatnagar, Ph.D. and Daniel J. Conklin, Ph.D.

National Institutes of Health funded the study.

Daniel Conklin, Ph.D., University of Louisville, Kentucky.

Note: Scientific presentation is 3:15 p.m. PT, Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017.

Presentation location: Population Science Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004.

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsSun, 12 Nov 2017 23:00:06 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov. 12, 2017 — Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as e-cigarettes, affect heart rhythm and cardiovascular function in mice, according to preliminary research...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/e-cigarette-vapor-slows-heart-rate-in-miceSun, 12 Nov 2017 23:00:00 GMT
Embargoed until 3 p.m. PT/6 p.m. ET, Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov.12, 2017 — A combination of reduced sodium intake and the DASH diet lowers blood pressure in adults with hypertension, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

The study followed 412 adults with systolic blood pressures in four categories: less than 130 mmHg; between 130 and 139 mmHg; between 140 and 159 mmHg; and 150 or higher mmHg.  They were either on low-sodium or DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diets for four weeks. DASH diets are rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains along with low or fat-free dairy, fish, poultry, beans, seeds and nuts. The DASH dietary pattern is promoted by the U.S.-based National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the American Heart Association to control hypertension. While both low-sodium and DASH diets have been reported to help lower high blood pressure, this study examines the effects of combining the two diets in adults with high blood pressure.

Researchers found:

  • Participants who cut their sodium intake had lower systolic blood pressure than adults that had high sodium consumption.
  • Participants who followed the DASH diet but did not reduce their sodium intake also had lower blood pressure than those with similar sodium intake but not on the DASH diet.
  • Participants on the combined diet had lower blood pressure compared to participants with high sodium intake eating their regular diet.

The reduction in blood pressure increased with the severity of hypertension, with participants having systolic blood pressure over 150 mmHg showing the most dramatic difference with the low sodium-DASH diet than those not on the diet. More research is needed to determine if the combination  diet has the same effect for adults with systolic blood pressure above 160 mmHg.

Stephen Juraschek, M.D., Ph.D., Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Note: Scientific presentation is 4:30 p.m. PT, Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017.

Presentation location: 211 AB (Main Building)

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004.

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsSun, 12 Nov 2017 23:00:04 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov.12, 2017 — A combination of reduced sodium intake and the DASH diet lowers blood pressure in adults with hypertension, according to preliminary research presented at...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/low-sodium-dash-diet-combination-dramatically-lowers-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-adultsSun, 12 Nov 2017 23:00:00 GMT
Study Highlight:

  • Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or angioplasty, for blocked or narrowed arteries appear to fare equally well at hospitals ranked among the best in heart care by U.S. News and World Report and at unranked hospitals. 

Embargoed until 11:30 a.m. PT/ 2:30 p.m. ET, Sunday, Nov. 12, 2017

ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 12, 2017 — Hospitals ranked among the best in cardiology and heart surgery by U.S. News and World Report appear no better at performing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a potentially life-saving heart procedure, than unranked hospitals, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

During PCI, also known as angioplasty, doctors open narrowed or blocked blood vessels from within by inflating a balloon. In most cases, a scaffold called a stent is inserted at the site to help ensure the blood vessel stays open.

“Previous studies have found that top-ranked hospitals generally performed better than non-ranked hospitals for many cardiovascular conditions,” said Devraj Sukul, M.D., lead study author and a cardiology fellow at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, one of the top-ranked hospitals for PCI. “However, due to significant quality improvement initiatives aimed at improving PCI outcomes, along with advances in pharmacologic and technical aspects of PCI care, we wanted to see if many more hospitals around the United States were performing safe and high-quality PCI.”

Researchers based their comparison of PCI results at ranked and unranked hospitals on patient information and PCI outcomes submitted to the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI. Altogether, researchers reviewed the results of 509,153 angioplasties performed between July 2014 and June 2015 at 654 hospitals (six hospitals ranked among the top 50 by U.S. News and World Report in 2015 were not included in this study because they either did not submit data to the registry or performed a low number of PCIs, making comparisons difficult).

The study found that ranked and unranked hospitals had:

  • similar rates of in-hospital deaths (less than 2 percent); and
  • similar rates of acute kidney injury and bleeding—two of the most common complications of PCI, which can increase a patient’s risk of dying, hamper recovery and lead to longer hospital stays and increased hospital costs.

According to the authors, the study also found that only 1 to 3 percent of PCIs performed at all the hospitals in the registry were classified as “inappropriate.”

“In real-life clinical practice, there are many factors to be considered when deciding whether a patient will benefit from PCI,” Sukul said. “As always, the best way for patients to ensure they get the best treatment is to be actively engaged in their own health care by communicating openly with their physicians and asking questions.”

Sukul added that patients needing PCI should be reassured that non-ranked hospitals had similar outcomes as ranked hospitals in performing the procedure. “Safe and appropriate PCI is performed across the nation in hospitals participating in this registry and meeting minimum volume targets,” he said.

Study limitations include that not all hospitals performing PCI participated in the registry. The study also looked at only one heart procedure, so its findings cannot be generalized to other heart problems and treatments.

Co-authors are Deepak Bhatt, M.D., M.P.H.; Milan Seth, M.S.; Pearl Zakroysky, M.P.H.; Daniel Wojdyla, MSc.; John S. Rumsfeld, M.D., Ph.D.; Tracy Wang, M.D., M.H.S., MSc.; Sunil Rao, M.D. and Hitinder S. Gurm, M.D. Author disclosures are on the abstract.

The National Cardiovascular Data Registry funded the study.

Presentation location: Population Science Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004.

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsSun, 12 Nov 2017 19:30:04 GMTStudy Highlight: Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or angioplasty, for blocked or narrowed arteries appear to fare equally well at hospitals ranked among the best in heart care by U.S. News and World Report and at unranked...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/quality-of-stent-procedures-consistently-good-across-u-s-regardless-of-popular-hospital-rankingSun, 12 Nov 2017 19:30:00 GMT
ANAHEIM, California, Nov. 12, 2017 — Sexual activity is rarely associated with sudden cardiac arrest, a life-threatening malfunction of the heart’s electrical system causing the heart to suddenly stop beating, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

To determine whether sexual activity might trigger sudden cardiac arrest, researchers examined records on 4,557 cases of cardiac arrest in adults between 2002 and 2015 in a community in the northwestern United States.

Researchers found:

  • Of the cases examined, 34 cardiac arrests occurred during or within one hour of sexual intercourse.
  • Compared with others who had sudden cardiac arrest, people with an arrest associated with sexual intercourse were more likely to be male (94 percent).
  • One in 100 cases of cardiac arrest in men was associated with sexual activity, compared with one in 1,000 cases in women.
  • Even though sudden cardiac arrest during sexual activity was witnessed by a partner, bystander CPR  was performed in only one-third of the cases.

The presence of heart disease and the use of heart medications was common and similar in both groups.

These new data may help inform discussions between healthcare providers and patients on the safety of sexual activity. They also highlight the need to educate the public on the importance of bystander CPR for sudden cardiac arrest, irrespective of the circumstances, researchers said.

The study was funded by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute grants to Dr Sumeet Chugh, the principal investigator.

Aapo Aro, M.D., first author, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Los Angeles, California. Sumeet Chugh, M.D., senior author, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Los Angeles, California.

Presentation Location: Population Science Section, Science and Technology Hall

Additional Resources:

Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing the science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.

###

About the American Heart Association

The American Heart Association is devoted to saving people from heart disease and stroke – the two leading causes of death in the world. We team with millions of volunteers to fund innovative research, fight for stronger public health policies and provide lifesaving tools and information to prevent and treat these diseases. The Dallas-based association is the nation’s oldest and largest voluntary organization dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke. To learn more or to get involved, call 1-800-AHA-USA1, visit heart.org or call any of our offices around the country. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

For Media Inquiries and AHA Spokesperson Perspective:

AHA News Media in Dallas: 214-706-1173

AHA News Media Office, Nov. 11-15, 2017 at the Anaheim Convention Center: 714-765-2004

For Public Inquiries: 800-AHA-USA1 (242-8721)

heart.org and strokeassociation.org

 

]]>Heart NewsScientific Conferences & MeetingsSun, 12 Nov 2017 19:01:36 GMTANAHEIM, California, Nov. 12, 2017 — Sexual activity is rarely associated with sudden cardiac arrest, a life-threatening malfunction of the heart’s electrical system causing the heart...https://newsroom.heart.org/news/sexual-activity-rarely-a-heart-stopping-activitySun, 12 Nov 2017 18:00:00 GMT

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Disclaimer
The American Heart Association strongly promotes knowledge and proficiency in BLS, ACLS, and PALS and has developed instructional materials for this purpose. Use of these materials in an educational course does not represent course sponsorship by the American Heart Association. Any fees charged for such a course, except a portion of fees needed for AHA course materials, do not represent income to the Association.

 

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